Actualité de l'Anarchosyndicalisme

Aller au contenu | Aller au menu | Aller à la recherche

MALAISIE / MALAYSIA

Fil des billets - Fil des commentaires

vendredi 27 décembre 2019

Anarkismo Malaya: Sejarah Gerakan Anarkisme di Malaya

Penulisan ini adalah terjermahan dari tulisan Prof Datuk Khoo Kay Kim dan Ranjit Singh Malhl.

Anarkis kaum Cina pemula Kesatuan Sekerja

Artikel oleh K. Baradan mengenai Manusia Yang Memberi Segalanya Untuk Keadilan di dalam The Star 31 Ogos 1993 amatlah menarik.

Ianya adalah untuk pertama kali orang ramai telah diberitahu mengenai peranan pentadbiran British dalam membentuk gerakan kesatuan sekerja di Malaya. Individu yang terlibat secara terus dalam membentuk dan menubuhkan kesatuan sekerja adalah John Brazier.

Baradan menyatakan yang seawal 1949, Sir Henry Gurney (Pesuruhjaya Tinggi yang dibunuh berhampiran Bukit Fraser pada 1951), mahu gerakan kesatuan sekerja diuruskan oleh kaum etnik India. Ia boleh dianggap jawapan kepada persoalan yang sudah lama diutarakan di negara ini, iaitu “Mengapa kaum etnik India agak mendominasi kesatuan sekerja?”

Jawapan yang selalu diberi adalah kaum etnik India lebih suka bercakap dan ia lebih mudah untuk kesatuan sekerja. Ianya hampir sama dengan jawapan Harry Miller mengenai soalan “Mengapa gerakan komunis di negara ini didominasi oleh kaum etnik Hainan?” Jawapan Miller adalah kerana mereka mempunyai rasa rendah diri. Ini tidak lebih dari sekadar perbualan kedai kopi.

Sebenarnya, kaum etnik India bukan antara yang terawal dalam mengerakkan gerakan kesatuan sekerja di negara ini. Kaum etnik Cina adalah yang terawal. Aktiviti gerakan kesatuan sekerja bermula selepas Perang Dunia Pertama.

Mereka diketuai oleh satu kumpulan kaum etnik Cina yang berasaskan ideologi anarkisme. Tidak mengejutkan, ianya dibawa ke negara ini dari China.

Liu Shi Fu; Perintis gerakan anarkisme di negara Cina

Lire la suite...

lundi 26 novembre 2018

Interview with Malaysian anarchists (2011)

Date:

While in South East Asia recently Sean Matthews caught up with two Malaysian anarchists who told me about the issues they face as workers and anarchists in their country. Over a few drinks and few hours we discussed the current political and social situation including the problem of race and religion in their country. We exchanged ideas and experiences, the wider international anarchist movement and most important what we can do to assist anarchists in this part of the world.

Below is a slightly edited version of the interview.  For security reasons their names are anonymous.

Lire la suite...

History of Anarchism in Malaya / Singapore / Malaysia

ANARCHISM IN MALAYA, SINGAPORE AND MALAYSIA:
- The The emergence of a workers' and anarchist movement
- Anarchist Agitation
- The rise and destruction of the anarchist movement
- In modern Malaysia and Singapore

by Vadim Damier, Kirill Limanov

The emergence of a workers' and anarchist movement

The British Malaya, which consisted of the Straits Settlement colony (Singapore, Penang, Malacca), the Federated and the Non-Federated Malay States under the British protectorate, at the beginning of the 20th century, turned into one of the centers and a kind of foreign base of the Chinese revolutionary movement. Chinese immigrants began to appear on the Malay Peninsula in the first half of the XIX century, but at the end of the century their inflow increased sharply. The main area of their employment was tin mines, and then timber harvesting and other industries. The British authorities actively encouraged the import of labour from China and India. During the first decade of the twentieth century, only 150,000 to 200,000 immigrants from the Celestial Empire traveled to Singapore every year, and although many of them, after working for a while, returned home, a growing number of people remained in Malaya. In 1911, almost 917 thousand Chinese lived on the peninsula, which was more than 34% of the population. Of these, 225 thousand worked in difficult conditions at tin mines (1). Chinese residents also prevailed in the cities: among them were workers, employees and other intellectuals, as well as the richest businessmen and traders. In cities such as Penang and Malacca, the Chinese were the overwhelming majority.

The Chinese of Nanyang ("South Seas", as they called the region of Southeast Asia) were mostly from the southern provinces of Guangdong and Fujian. In Malaya, they were not under the authority of the imperial government in Beijing, and this allowed spreading oppositional and revolutionary sentiments among them.

Lire la suite...

Malaysia : Chinese Anarchists Started Trade Unions

by Prof Datuk Khoo Kay Kim and Ranjit Singh Malhl

K. Baradan’s article on The men who gave all for justice in The Star (National Day Supplement) of August 31, 1993, is extremely interesting.

It is the first time that the public has been informed of the role the British administration played in the shaping of the trade union movement in Malaya. The man directly responsible for grooming trade unionists and founding trade unions was John Brazier. Baradan pointed out that as early as 1949, Sir Henry Gurney (the High Commissioner assassinated near Fraser’s Hill in 1951), wanted the trade union movement to be controlled by Indians. This partly answers a question which has long been posed in this country, namely “Why is it that the Indians appear to dominate the trade unions ?”

The answer usually given was that the Indians, being more talkative, took more easily to trade unionism. This is almost similar to Harry Miller’s answer to the question : “Why was the communist movement in this country dominated initially by the Hainanese ? “ Miller’s answer was that they had an inferiority complex. This is no more that coffee shop talk.

The Indians were not the pioneers of the trade union movement in this country. The Chinese were. Trade union activities began, clandestinely, after World War I.

Lire la suite...

Kucing hitam

 Gambar kucing hitam juga disebut kucing liar biasanya digambarkan dengan buntut yang mengangkat menyerupai panah dan cakar juga gigi yang mengancam, gambar ini juga dapat diartikan sebagai pergerakan anarkisme, khususnya anarko-sindikalis. Simbol ini pertama digambar oleh Ralph Chaplin, yang merupakan pendiri dari kelompok IWW. Digambar untuk memperlihatkan pergerakan mogok kerja mereka dengan cara yang radikal seperti kucing liar.  Terdapat beberapa kesatuan anarkis di dunia, organisasi antarabangsa mereka adalah AIT (Persatuan Pekerja Antarabangsa),  merupakan salah satu kelompok sindikat anarcho pekerja.



Mereka menggunakan gambar kucing hitam tersebut sebagai lambang dari pergerakan para kelas pekerja.

Asal-usul simbol asli kucing hitam masih belum jelas, namun menurut salah satu cerita gambar tersebut diambil dari sebuah kisah pada saat aksi pemogokan. Banyak anggota organisasi yang terkena pukulan polisi dan dibawa ke rumah sakit. Pada saat itu ada seekor kucing hitam yang kurus berjalan kedalam camp pemogok. Kemudian kucing tersebut terpaksa dimakan oleh para pemogok yang saat itu sedang kelaparan dan berkat kucing itu kesehatan mereka menjadi pulih kembali. Akhirnya aksi mogok pekerja tersebut berhasil mencapai tuntutannya dan akhirnya mereka mengadopsi kucing tersebut sebagai maskot.[1]

Lire la suite...